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Tribal delinquency jurisdiction, 2016

  • State (mandatory)

  • State (other)

  • Federal

  • Not applicable

Virginia is not a P.L. 280 state. The Pamunkey tribe is federally recognized.  VA recognizes tribes that are not federally recognized and no other statute was located to grant state jurisdiction over delinquency matters.

Monitoring data

  • N/A: Insufficient data to compute arrest rates
  • * Rates used to compute ratio based on fewer than 10 observations
  • † White detained rate is 0

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Indicator data, 2017


Website: Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC) in the Juvenile Justice System
Author: Virginia Department of Criminal Justice Services
Tracks RRIs 2013–2013
Geography: Statewide

Points of contact

Stages during the juvenile justice process tracked for relative rate indicators (RRIs).

Probation Confinement Adjudication Transfer Diversion Petitioned Detention Referred to court Arrest

Race reported

  • White

  • All minorities (as a group)

  • Black / African American

  • Hispanic/Latino

  • Asian

  • American Indian / Alaska Native

  • Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islander

  • Other / Mixed


The Virginia Department of Criminal Justice Services publishes data on Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC). Virginia reports Relative Rate Indices (RRI) for all 9 recommended decision points and 7 populations. Rates are reported statewide. It is unclear if race and ethnicity are reported as separate variables.

DMC assessment

Report: Statewide Assessment of Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC) in the Virginia Juvenile Justice System
Author: Commonwealth of Virginia Department of Criminal Justice Services
Year: 2012

DMC assessment Geography: Both state & local

  • Interviews

  • Surveys

  • Focus groups

  • Multivariate analysis

  • Descriptive statistics

The Virginia Department of Criminal Justice Services completed an assessment in 2012 for the whole state and several local jurisdictions. Data was assessed from 2008 to 2010 for African American and Hispanic youth. Decision points assessed included intake, detention, probation, and confinement. Research methods included interviews and multivariate analysis.

DMC coordinators

DMC coordinator 2012 2015 2016
Full-time state-level DMC coordinator
Part-time or other state-level staff

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About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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