There is no national statistic available on the prevalence of dual-status youth in child welfare and juvenile justice. However, the U.S. Children’s Bureau requires states that receive a certain type of federal funding (Title IV-B) to submit yearly updates towards their five-year plan for strengthening their child welfare system. One of the mandated reporting requirements is “Juvenile Justice Transfers” defined as “the number of children under the care of the State child protection system who were transferred into the custody of the State juvenile justice system in the Federal Fiscal Year.”
The data in this section were drawn from a mixture of the following state child welfare reports:
- Child and Family Services Plans (CFSP)
- Annual Progress and Services Reports (APSR)
- Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) Plans
These data are only a subset of dual-status youth and should be used with caution as they represent different data sources and units of count. Additionally, some states, noted with astericks, present greater detail and address more current time periods than others. Notes are included for examples that have known accuracy issues or are dated. These data, nonetheless, provide a starting point for discussion of national reporting requirements and diving into individual states where reporting may provide helpful insights.
Readers are encouraged to access the original data sources via the links provided in the publications lists for a full understanding of the state juvenile justice transfer data.
Click a state to see the data it reports. *Different or additional detail reported
The following states are either not reporting consistent information, report zero transfers over time or that state otherwise prohibits the transfer from child welfare to juvenile justice: