Basic services, 2017

  • Overall

    State operated

  • Detention

    State operated

  • Probation

    State operated

  • Reentry

    State operated

Maine's delinquency services are centrally organized by the Maine Department of Corrections' Division of Juvenile Services (DJS), a state department of corrections agency that administers all juvenile commitments. Secure detention and reentry services, for youth leaving state facilities, are also provided by DJS.

Community supervision is administered by the Division of Juvenile Services (DJS), within the MDOC. Juvenile Community Corrections Officers provide probation supervision from regional community corrections offices in Portland, Lewiston, Augusta, and Bangor.

Purpose clauses, 2016

  • No clause

  • Parens patriae

  • Due process era

  • Balanced and Restorative Justice (BARJ)

  • Developmental Approach

Corrections agency, 2015

  • Independent juvenile corrections agency

  • Family/child welfare agency or division

  • Broad human services agency

  • Adult corrections agency or division

The Maine Department of Corrections' Division of Juvenile Services (DJS) administers commitments to state juvenile correctional facilities and reentry services for youth leaving those facilities.

Intake and diversion, 2016

Initial intake and diversion decision is at the discretion of the juvenile court intake officer.

Pre-petition court diversion time limit/s exist.

Solitary confinement, 2016

  • Prohibits punitive confinement

  • Limits punitive confinement

  • No limits on punitive confinement

  • Did not respond

Solitary confinement for punitive purposes is not allowed in Maine's juvenile correctional facilities. Punitive confinement is prohibited by state statute but administrative code allows for punitive “room restriction” (during which the youth is permitted to leave his room for programming, visits, and meals) up to 30 hours.  (Adapted from 51 Jurisdiction Survey of Juvenile Solitary Confinement Rules in Juvenile Justice Systems, 2016. Lowenstein Center for the Public Interest at Lowenstein Sandler LLP)

Release decision, 2016

  • Agency

  • Court

  • Parole board

  • Agency and court

The Superintendent of the Maine Department of Correction's juvenile correctional facilities makes release decisions for youth committed to the agency. Youth are reviewed quarterly by an interdisciplinary team for a progress update normally. An after care plan is completed and presented to the Superintendent for approval or denial. A risk/assessment tool does not currently guide the release decision.

Risk assessment, 2020

Organization 2013 2017 2020
Statewide uniform assessment
Layered/regional assessment
Locally administered assessment

In Maine, juvenile probation is administered by the Division of Juvenile Services, within the Maine Department of Corrections (MDOC). A MDOC administrative policy requires the use of a risk/needs assessment in juvenile probation. Maine uses the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS/CMI) statewide and provides training on the YLS/CMI for probation officers.

Information from the YLS/CMI is used to develop/inform pre-disposition investigation reports and/or planning, develop probation disposition recommendations to the juvenile court, assign probation supervision level and develop probation case plans. The state is able to aggregate case level data and uses it for ongoing policy research, and to assist with probation administration and organizational planning.

Sex offender registration, 2015

Does not register

Risk instruments, 2017

  • Statute or agency policy

    Required by state or administrative regulation

  • Agency recommended

    Recommended by probation oversite agency

Risk instruments tool used
Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS/CMI)

Mental health screening, 2014

Does not require a research-based mental health screening

  • Secure detention

  • Probation

  • Corrections

Mental health screening tool used
Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument –Version 2 (MAYSI-2)

Frameworks for evidence-based practices, 2014

  • Statute

    Supporting commitment to EBPs

  • Administrative regulations

    Either in corrections, probation, or the juvenile court

  • Support center

    Or collaboration dedicated to coordinating activities around implementing, evaluating, and sustaining EBPs

  • No stance

    No official stance on EBPs

  • Did not respond

    State did not respond to the survey

Maine does not have an official position or definition concerning the use of evidence-based programs and practices. However, the state funds some evidence-based intervention programs on a contractual basis.

Recidivism reporting, 2016

Study populations

The group(s) of youth being studied in states that publicly report recidivism data.

  • Arrest

  • Court action

  • Supervision

  • Placement

Re-offense events

Events that are used to measure recidivism in states that publicly report recidivism data.

  • Arrest

  • Court action

  • Supervision

  • Placement

Follow-up periods

Details regarding the length of time and frequency that youth are tracked in states that publicly report recidivism data.

24 months with interval and adult systems reporting


Additional levels of analysis provided in states that publicly report recidivism data.

  • County

  • Age

  • Gender

  • Race/ethn.

  • Risk level

  • Initial offense

  • Re-offense

  • Prior history

The Maine Department of Corrections: Division of Juvenile Services (DJS) publishes recidivism data for youth served by DJS. This includes diverted youth, supervised youth, committed youth, and discharged youth. Recidivism for all groups is defined in terms of whether an adjudicated youth is re-adjudicated (as a juvenile) or convicted (as an adult). Recidivism rates are presented at 12 and 24 month intervals with a maximum follow up period of 24 months.

Data sources

Juvenile Recidivism Report 2013
Muskie School of Public Service, Maine Statistical Analysis Center

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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