Labeling, 2015

Spectrum of labels

Victim Child welfare perspective
Offender Public safety perspective
  • In need of aid, assistance, or care

  • In need of services

  • In need of supervision

  • Unruly

  • Status offender

Additional label other than standard labels: At-risk youth and truant

In Washington, status offense cases are classified as Children in Need of Services, Truants, or At-Risk Youth. Behaviors include being a runaway, truant, beyond the control of parents or guardian, and having a substance abuse problem for which there are no pending criminal charges.

Age boundaries, 2016

  • Status offense jurisdiction

    Up through 17 years old

    No lower age specified

  • Delinquency jurisdiction

    Up through 17 years old

    No lower age specified

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In Washington, no lower age is specified for “at-risk youth” or a “child in need of services.” The highest age a child’s conduct can be considered a status offense is 17. Non-delinquent behaviors include: running away, being beyond the control of caretakers, substance abuse, and conduct that creates risk to safety or health of self or others. WA ST § 13.40.020, § 13.32A.030

Reported data

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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