Labeling, 2015

Spectrum of labels

Victim Child welfare perspective
Offender Public safety perspective
  • In need of aid, assistance, or care

  • In need of services

  • In need of supervision

  • Unruly

  • Status offender

In Virginia, status offense cases are classified as status offenders, Children in Need of Services, or Children in Need of Supervision. Behaviors include being a runaway, committing an act prohibited by law which would not be criminal if committed by an adult, curfew violation, or a violation of the law regarding tobacco.

Age boundaries, 2016

  • Status offense jurisdiction

    Up through 17 years old

    No lower age specified

  • Delinquency jurisdiction

    Up through 17 years old

    No lower age specified

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In Virginia, no lower age is specified for a “child in need of supervision” or a “status offender.” The highest age a child’s conduct can be considered a status offense is 17. Non-delinquent behaviors include truancy and running away. Other “status offenders” who commit curfew or tobacco violations are under concurrent jurisdiction of juvenile and circuit court. VA ST § 16.1-228, § 16.1-278.6

Reported data

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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