Labeling, 2015

Spectrum of labels

Victim Child welfare perspective
Offender Public safety perspective
  • In need of aid, assistance, or care

  • In need of services

  • In need of supervision

  • Unruly

  • Status offender

In Missouri, status offense cases are classified as status offenders and include truancy, being a runaway, disobeying the reasonable commands of a parent or guardian, engaging in behavior injurious to the child’s or others welfare, and if the child is charged with an offense not classified as criminal, or with an offense applicable only to children.

Age boundaries, 2016

  • Status offense jurisdiction

    Up through 17 years old

    No lower age specified

  • Delinquency jurisdiction

    Up through 16 years old

    No lower age specified

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In Missouri, a lower age for a child alleged to have committed a ‘status offense’ is not specified. The highest age a child’s conduct can be considered a status offense is 17. A child “in need of care and treatment” includes non-delinquent conduct including: being disobedient and beyond the control of caretakers, habitual absence from home, injurious to the welfare of self/others, or charged with a non-criminal or child-only offense (other than tobacco and certain traffic offenses). Other child-only municipal ordinance violations or misdemeanors (curfew, tobacco) are under concurrent jurisdiction with circuit court but not labeled a status offense. V.A.M.S. § 211.021, 211.031

Reported data

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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