Labeling, 2015

Spectrum of labels

Victim Child welfare perspective
Offender Public safety perspective
  • In need of aid, assistance, or care

  • In need of services

  • In need of supervision

  • Unruly

  • Status offender

In Maryland, status offense cases are classified as Children in Need of Supervision and include truancy, habitual disobedience, ungovernability, behaving in a way as to injure or endanger self or others, and offenses applicable only to children.

Age boundaries, 2016

  • Status offense jurisdiction

    Up through 17 years old

    No lower age specified

  • Delinquency jurisdiction

    7 through 17 years old

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In Maryland, no lower age is specified for a “child in need of supervision.” The highest age a child’s conduct can be considered a status offense is 17. Non-delinquent behaviors include: truancy, disobedience, conduct beyond control, being ungovernable, endangering self or others, and other child-only offenses. Md. Code, Courts and Judicial Proceedings § 3-8A-01.

Reported data

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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