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Tribal delinquency jurisdiction, 2016

  • State (mandatory)

  • State (other)

  • Federal

  • Not applicable

Texas is not a P.L. 280 state, but other federal law may permit state jurisdiction in limited areas, see link. TX recognizes tribes that are not federally recognized.

Monitoring data

  • N/A: Insufficient data to compute arrest rates
  • * Rates used to compute ratio based on fewer than 10 observations
  • † White detained rate is 0

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Indicator data, 2017


Report: 2013-2014 Biennial Report to the 84th Texas Legislature
Author: Office of the Governor Criminal Justice Division
Does not track RRIs 2013–2014
Geography: Statewide

Points of contact

Stages during the juvenile justice process tracked for relative rate indicators (RRIs).

Probation Confinement Adjudication Transfer Diversion Petitioned Detention Referred to court Arrest

Race reported

  • White

  • All minorities (as a group)

  • Black / African American

  • Hispanic/Latino

  • Asian

  • American Indian / Alaska Native

  • Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islander

  • Other / Mixed


The Texas Office of the Governor Criminal Justice Division publishes data on Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC). Texas reports Relative Rate Indices (RRI) for all 9 recommended decision points and 1 population. Rates are reported statewide. It is unclear if race and ethnicity are reported as separate variables.

DMC assessment

Report: Addressing Disproportionate Minority Contact in the Texas Juvenile Justice System: Causes and Solutions from the Community Perspective
Author: Office of the Governor Criminal Justice Division
Year: 2010

DMC assessment Geography: Local

  • Interviews

  • Surveys

  • Focus groups

  • Multivariate analysis

  • Descriptive statistics

The Office of the Governor Criminal Justice Division completed an assessment in 2010 for several local jurisdictions. Data was assessed for African American and Hispanic youth. Decision points assessed included arrest, referral, and diversion. Research methods included surveys, focus groups, and descriptive statistics.

DMC coordinators

DMC coordinator 2012 2015 2016
Full-time state-level DMC coordinator
Part-time or other state-level staff

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About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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