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Tribal delinquency jurisdiction, 2016

  • State (mandatory)

  • State (other)

  • Federal

  • Not applicable

South Dakota is considered an optional P.L. 280 state, though state jurisdiction over civil and criminal actions on highways has been found invalid by case law, etc.  A state statute SD 26-7A-2 mentions "delinquency" in terms of the Indian Child Welfare Act, which would apply at times. Also see Title 1, Chapter 1-1. and SD Department of Tribal Relations.

Monitoring data

  • N/A: Insufficient data to compute arrest rates
  • * Rates used to compute ratio based on fewer than 10 observations
  • † White detained rate is 0

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Indicator data, 2017


Report: State Fiscal Year 2014 Annual Report State Fiscal Year 2014 Annual Report
Author: State of South Dakota Council of Juvenile Services
Does not track RRIs 2014–2014
Geography: Statewide

Points of contact

Stages during the juvenile justice process tracked for relative rate indicators (RRIs).

Probation Confinement Adjudication Transfer Diversion Petitioned Detention Referred to court Arrest

Race reported

  • White

  • All minorities (as a group)

  • Black / African American

  • Hispanic/Latino

  • Asian

  • American Indian / Alaska Native

  • Native Hawaiian / Pacific Islander

  • Other / Mixed


The South Dakota Council of Juvenile Services publishes data on Disproportionate Minority Contact (DMC). South Dakota reports frequencies and percentages for 5 out of 9 recommended decision points and 4 populations. Rates are reported statewide. It is unclear if race and ethnicity are reported as separate variables.

DMC assessment

Report: Assessment of Disproportionate Minority Contact in South Dakota
Author: Department of Corrections State of South Dakota
Year: 2005

DMC assessment Geography: Both state & local

  • Interviews

  • Surveys

  • Focus groups

  • Multivariate analysis

  • Descriptive statistics

The South Dakota Department of Corrections completed an assessment in 2005 for the whole state and two local jurisdictions. Data was assessed from 2002 for American Indian youth. Decision points assessed included arrest, detention, delinquent finding, probation, and confinement. Research methods included focus groups and multivariate analysis.

DMC coordinators

DMC coordinator 2012 2015 2016
Full-time state-level DMC coordinator
Part-time or other state-level staff

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About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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