Basic services, 2017

  • Overall

    Mostly state operated

  • Detention

    Locally operated

  • Probation

    Mostly state operated

  • Reentry

    Mostly state operated

In Oklahoma, delinquency services are provided at the state and local level. Oklahoma Office of Juvenile Affairs (OJA), Department of Juvenile Justice Services, oversees detention services which are administered by county boards of commissioners.

OJA also provides commitment, probation and reentry services in most counties across the state. However, in 4 counties where juvenile boards exist, the board administers parole services. These 4 include the most populous counties covering Tulsa and Oklahoma City.

Purpose clauses, 2016

  • No clause

  • Parens patriae

  • Due process era

  • Balanced and Restorative Justice (BARJ)

  • Developmental Approach

Corrections agency, 2015

  • Independent juvenile corrections agency

  • Family/child welfare agency or division

  • Broad human services agency

  • Adult corrections agency or division

The Oklahoma Office of Juvenile Affairs (OJA) administers commitments to state juvenile correctional facilities. The OJA also administers reentry services in most counties across the state.

Intake and diversion, 2016

Initial intake and court diversion decision is at the discretion of the prosecutor or the juvenile court intake officer, divided by offense.

Post-petition court diversion time limit/s exist.

Solitary confinement, 2016

  • Prohibits punitive confinement

  • Limits punitive confinement

  • No limits on punitive confinement

  • Did not respond

Solitary confinement for punitive purposes is not allowed in Oklahoma's juvenile correctional facilities. (Adapted from 51 Jurisdiction Survey of Juvenile Solitary Confinement Rules in Juvenile Justice Systems, 2016. Lowenstein Center for the Public Interest at Lowenstein Sandler LLP)

Release decision, 2016

  • Agency

  • Court

  • Parole board

  • Agency and court

Release decisions for youth committed to the Office of Juvenile Affairs (OJA) are the responsibility of the Office. Release decisions are based on the Office's determination that there is a reasonable probability that residential care is no longer necessary, either for the rehabilitation and treatment of the youth, or for the protection of the public. OJA must provide the court and the district attorney 15-day notice before discharging legal custody of any youth committed and confined in a secure facility.

Risk assessment, 2020

Organization 2013 2017 2020
Statewide uniform assessment
Layered/regional assessment
Locally administered assessment

Juvenile probation services in Oklahoma are administered both at the state level by the Office of Juvenile Affairs and by independent juvenile bureaus serving 4 counties, including those covering the largest urban centers, Tulsa and Oklahoma City. Probation decisions are required by statute to be informed with an administration of the Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS/CMI). Screening results are used to develop probation disposition recommendations to the juvenile court, assign probation supervision level, and develop probation case plans. Administration of the instrument is automated in the Juvenile Online Tracking System (JOLTS) and is used to assist overall Office of Juvenile Affairs administration and for ongoing policy research in the state.

Sex offender registration, 2015


Risk instruments, 2017

  • Statute or agency policy

    Required by state or administrative regulation

  • Agency recommended

    Recommended by probation oversite agency

Risk instruments tool used
Youth Level of Service/Case Management Inventory (YLS/CMI)

Mental health screening, 2014

Requires a research-based mental health screening

  • Secure detention

  • Probation

  • Corrections

Mental health screening tool used
Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument –Version 2 (MAYSI-2)

Oklahoma requires the use of research-based mental health screening for youth admitted to secure detention. State statutes specify that all juvenile justice screening and assessment instruments shall be prescribed by the state Office of Juvenile Affairs (OJA) and uniformly used by all intake and admissions workers, including those employed by local juvenile bureaus. OJA regulations specify the Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument, 2nd edition (MAYSI-2) as the instrument of choice across all detention departments. Results of the MAYSI-2 are subsequently applied juvenile probation and for youth committed to OJA custody.

Frameworks for evidence-based practices, 2014

  • Statute

    Supporting commitment to EBPs

  • Administrative regulations

    Either in corrections, probation, or the juvenile court

  • Support center

    Or collaboration dedicated to coordinating activities around implementing, evaluating, and sustaining EBPs

  • No stance

    No official stance on EBPs

  • Did not respond

    State did not respond to the survey

Oklahoma supports the advancement of evidence-based programs and practices (EBPs) by prescribing specific EBP practices in screening and assessment and requiring outcome-reporting for any grant-funded EBPs programs. The state plan is fairly silent on EBPs and a specific definition does not exist. However, state statutes designates the Office of Juvenile Affairs (OJA) as the state agency with regulatory authority over prescribing specific screening and assessment practices.

OJA also supports the automation necessary to drive research-based policy and programming through the Juvenile Online Tracking System (JOLTS). JOLTS provides outcome data and OJA is in the processing of developing quarterly performance reports based on these data.

Finally, technical assistance and training to support state-wide consistency and local innovations aligning with best practices are also provided by OJA.

Recidivism reporting, 2016

Study populations

The group(s) of youth being studied in states that publicly report recidivism data.

  • Arrest

  • Court action

  • Supervision

  • Placement

Re-offense events

Events that are used to measure recidivism in states that publicly report recidivism data.

  • Arrest

  • Court action

  • Supervision

  • Placement

Follow-up periods

Details regarding the length of time and frequency that youth are tracked in states that publicly report recidivism data.

12 months with adult systems reporting


Additional levels of analysis provided in states that publicly report recidivism data.

  • County

  • Age

  • Gender

  • Race/ethn.

  • Risk level

  • Initial offense

  • Re-offense

  • Prior history

The Oklahoma Office of Juvenile Affairs (OJA) publishes recidivism data for both community based and residential program populations. OJA defines recidivism as the occurrence of a new referral or arrest for a criminal offense within one year of completion of services, followed by admission of guilt and revocation of parole, placement on informal probation, adjudication as a Delinquent or Youthful Offender, or conviction as an adult.

Data sources

2007-2008 Annual Report
Office of Juvenile Affairs

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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