Waiver of counsel, 2014

A juvenile may waive his or her right to counsel only with the approval of the court. This waiver can be withdrawn at any stage of the proceeding.

  • Restrictions on waivers
  • No restrictions
  • Reflects laws as of the end of 2013 legislative sessions.
  • Age

    No restrictions

  • Crime

    No restrictions

  • Hearing

    No restrictions

  • Placement

    No restrictions

Timing of counsel, 2013

In Missouri, an attorney for a juvenile can be appointed at the following points in the process: Custodial Questioning / Talk with Intake Officer; Detention Hearing / First Court Appearance / Arraignment; Once a Petition is Filed / Hearing on the Petition; Loss of Freedom / Institutionalization / Commitment / Imprisonment; All Stages of Proceedings / All Critical States of Proceedings.

  • Reflects laws as of the end of 2013 legislative sessions.

Indigency requirements, 2013

Organized at the state level

Organizer: Missouri State Public Defender (Additional detail concerning the organization and administration of juvenile defense is available in a state profile from the National Juvenile Defender Center.)

Indigency is not determined legislatively

In Missouri, indigency law is found in juvenile statutes, juvenile case law, and adult statutes. This law provides a standard for determining indigency. Indigent defense training available for appointed counsel. Indigency is judicially determined. Court can / must appoint attorney for juvenile if there is a conflict of interest between the juvenile and the parent.

  • Reflects laws as of the end of 2013 legislative sessions.

Courtroom shackling, 2015

No statewide restriction

Sex offender registration, 2015


Competency, 2015

Missouri relies on ‘Rules Relating to all Juvenile Proceedings’ as the legal authority for juvenile competency determinations. The rule provides that when the matter is raised upon petition or motion, the court may order a physical or mental examination to aid the court with, (among other matters) “the competence to participate in the proceedings”, and “whether the juvenile is in a fit condition to proceed”. A comment of the court rule cross-references a(n adult) penal code chapter of Criminal Proceedings Involving Mental Illness, which aligns more specifically with the Dusky standard, but may not be binding.

  • No juvenile standard

  • Juvenile standard is the adult standard

  • Juvenile justice standard exists

  • JJ standard includes developmental immaturity

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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