Defense structure, 2017

  • Organization


  • Oversight

    Partial oversight

Illinois provides counsel to indigent youth through a county-based system. Visit the National Juvenile Defender Center's Illinois state profile for more details.

Waiver of counsel, 2014

A juvenile who was under 13 at the time of the commission of an act that if committed by an adult would be a violation of various homicide or major sex offense statutes may not waive his or her right to counsel.

  • Restrictions on waivers
  • No restrictions
  • Reflects laws as of the end of 2013 legislative sessions.
  • Age

    Under 13

  • Crime

    Juveniles cannot waive right to counsel if alleged to have committed specified act that would be specified crime if committed by adult.

  • Hearing

    No restrictions

  • Placement

    No restrictions

Timing of counsel, 2013

In Illinois, an attorney for a juvenile can be appointed at the following points in the process: Custodial Questioning / Talk with Intake Officer; Detention Hearing / First Court Appearance / Arraignment; Once a Petition is Filed / Hearing on the Petition; Loss of Freedom / Institutionalization / Commitment / Imprisonment; All Stages of Proceedings / All Critical States of Proceedings.

  • Reflects laws as of the end of 2013 legislative sessions.

Indigency requirements, 2013

Indigency determination: Judicially

Illinois indigency law is governed by juvenile statute and adult statute and court rule, which provide for a determination of indigency. Indigency is judicially determined. Specialized juvenile training available or required.

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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