Defense structure, 2017

  • Organization


  • Oversight

    Full oversight

The District of Columbia provides counsel to indigent youth through its Public Defender Service office. Visit the National Juvenile Defender Center's District of Columbia profile for more details.  It should be noted that NJDC's The Fragmented State of Juvenile Indigent Defense lists DC as a statewide system.  Due to DC's unique governmental structure JJGPS treats DC as a local jurisdiction, therefore it is identified as a localized system. 

Waiver of counsel, 2014

  • Restrictions on waivers
  • No restrictions
  • Reflects laws as of the end of 2013 legislative sessions.
  • Age

    No restrictions

  • Crime

    No restrictions

  • Hearing

    No restrictions

  • Placement

    No restrictions

Timing of counsel, 2013

In the District of Columbia, an attorney for a juvenile can be appointed at the following points in the process: Custodial Questioning / Talk with Intake Officer; Detention Hearing / First Court Appearance / Arraignment; Once a Petition is Filed / Hearing on the Petition; Loss of Freedom / Institutionalization / Commitment / Imprisonment; All Stages of Proceedings / All Critical States of Proceedings.

  • Reflects laws as of the end of 2013 legislative sessions.

Indigency requirements, 2013

Indigency determination: Judicially

Indigency law is governed by both juvenile and adult statutes, which provide a determination for indigency. Indigency is judicially determined. Court can / must appoint attorney for juvenile if non-indigent parent refuses to pay for juvenile's attorney.

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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