Waiver of counsel, 2014
The court must consider, among other factors, the capacity of the juvenile to understand the advice concerning rights and warnings, the nature of the privilege against self-incrimination, and the consequences of waiving such rights and privileges, including the right to counsel.
- Restrictions on waivers
- No restrictions
- Reflects laws as of the end of 2013 legislative sessions.
Timing of counsel, 2013
In Connecticut, an attorney for a juvenile can be appointed at the following points in the process: Custodial Questioning / Talk with Intake Officer; Detention Hearing / First Court Appearance / Arraignment; Loss of Freedom / Institutionalization / Commitment / Imprisonment;
Indigency requirements, 2013
Organized at the state level
Organizer: Division of Public Defender Services
(Additional detail concerning the organization and administration of juvenile defense is available in a state profile from the National Juvenile Defender Center.)
Indigency is not determined legislatively
Connecticut indigency law is governed by both juvenile and adult statutes, which provides for a determination of indigency. Connecticut law supplies some useful definitions. The law also applies to juveniles transferred to criminal court. By statute, special juvenile law education / training / experience/ program for appointed juvenile counsel. Indigency is judicially determined.
Courtroom shackling, 2015
Restricted by legislature
In Connecticut, Act 15-183 (eff. 10/1/15) prohibits routine use of mechanical restraints on pre-adjudicated detained juveniles. Restraints must be removed prior to and throughout proceedings or court ordered in accordance with Judicial Branch written policy. The Judicial Branch policy was implemented before the statute (4/15), and includes comprehensive procedures for escort, transportation, and sharing recommendations from the facility/transport to the judge. Very detailed criteria is listed for decision-making by concern, offense, restraint type, etc.
Sex offender registration, 2015
Does not register
Connecticut has juvenile statute and court rules that align with the Dusky standard to prevent delinquency-related conviction, adjudication, or disposition while the youth is not competent. Timelines are specified for review intervals and actions when competency cannot be restored. Youth can be transferred to the (adult) criminal docket even when believed to be incompetent.
No juvenile standard
Juvenile standard is the adult standard
Juvenile justice standard exists
JJ standard includes developmental immaturity