Defense structure, 2017

  • Organization


  • Oversight

    No oversight

Alabama provides counsel to indigent youth through a state-funded localized system, which includes public defender offices, contract attorneys, and private appointed attorneys.  Visit the National Juvenile Defender Center's Alabama state profile for more details.

Waiver of counsel, 2014

In Alabama an attorney must be appointed, when one has not been retained, in any proceeding in which the freedom of the juvenile could be curtailed. The court may also appoint an attorney in any case upon request or when it deems the appointment to be in the interest of justice.

  • Restrictions on waivers
  • No restrictions
  • Reflects laws as of the end of 2013 legislative sessions.
  • Age

    No restrictions

  • Crime

    No restrictions

  • Hearing

    No restrictions

  • Placement

    Juveniles cannot waive right to counsel if possibility of specified placement(s).

Timing of counsel, 2013

In Alabama, an attorney for a juvenile can be appointed at the following points in the process: Custodial Questioning / Talk with Intake Officer; Detention Hearing / First Court Appearance / Arraignment; Once a Petition is Filed / Hearing on the Petition; Loss of Freedom / Institutionalization / Commitment / Imprisonment; All Stages of Proceedings / All Critical States of Proceedings.

  • Reflects laws as of the end of 2013 legislative sessions.

Indigency requirements, 2013

Indigency determination: Judicially

In Alabama, this topic is governed by both juvenile and adult statutes. State statute provides procedures to determine indigency. Indigency is judicially determined. Court can / must appoint attorney for juvenile if non-indigent parent refuses to pay for juvenile's attorney.

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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