Judicial selection, 2022

  • Elected

  • Appointed

  • Combination

Judicial specialization, 2022

  • All mixed case types

  • Mostly mixed

  • Mostly specialized

Caseload assignment, 2022

  • Mixed assignment methods

  • Individual discretion

  • Statute/State court rules

Judicial experience, training, and tools, 2022

  • Qualification Requirements

  • Required Annual Training

  • Required Risk/Need Assessments and Pre-Dispositional Reports

  • Juvenile Justice Bench Books

Courtroom shackling, 2015

Restricted by judiciary

In New Mexico, Children’s Court Rule 10-223 requires that use of any physical restraint devices must be court ordered with individual determinations based on ‘particularized’ security needs relating to the facility, available security personnel, etc. Reasonable effort must be made to avoid the jury’s observation of restraints. Before or after any child is ordered restrained, the court shall permit any party to be heard.

Competency, 2015

In New Mexico, Children’s Court rules have provisions for determination of (juvenile) competency to stand trial. Statutory sections for predisposition studies include procedures for evaluations in a more general sense. The court can submit the issue to a jury. If found incompetent, misdemeanors are dismissed with prejudice, and other allegations can be stayed for up to one year. If a finding of incompetency is made during the adjudicatory hearing, a mistrial is declared.

  • No juvenile standard

  • Juvenile standard is the adult standard

  • Juvenile justice standard exists

  • JJ standard includes developmental immaturity

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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