Judicial selection, 2022

  • Elected

  • Appointed

  • Combination

Judicial specialization, 2022

  • All mixed case types

  • Mostly mixed

  • Mostly specialized

Caseload assignment, 2022

  • Mixed assignment methods

  • Individual discretion

  • Statute/State court rules

Judicial experience, training, and tools, 2022

  • Qualification Requirements

  • Required Annual Training

  • Required Risk/Need Assessments and Pre-Dispositional Reports

  • Juvenile Justice Bench Books

Courtroom shackling, 2015

Restricted by judiciary

In Illinois, pursuant to In re Staley, 364 N.E.2d 72, 73-4 (1977), a juvenile may not be kept in restraints during court proceedings unless a court determines there is a clear necessity for such restraints. Advocates also cite People v. Boose 66 Ill. 2d 261,265-66 (1977) and Illinois v. Allen , 397 U.S. 337 (1970).  On 10/6/16, IL Supreme Court Rule 973 was adopted, which restricted the routine use of restraints effective 11/1/16. 

Competency, 2015

Illinois juvenile statute makes brief reference to incapacity, fitness hearings, and adjudication of unfitness for trial, and that the (adult) code of criminal procedure permits the continuance and ‘examination of fitness’ procedures.

  • No juvenile standard

  • Juvenile standard is the adult standard

  • Juvenile justice standard exists

  • JJ standard includes developmental immaturity

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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