Judicial selection, 2022

  • Elected

  • Appointed

  • Combination

Judicial specialization, 2022

  • All mixed case types

  • Mostly mixed

  • Mostly specialized

Caseload assignment, 2022

  • Mixed assignment methods

  • Individual discretion

  • Statute/State court rules

Judicial experience, training, and tools, 2022

  • Qualification Requirements

  • Required Annual Training

  • Required Risk/Need Assessments and Pre-Dispositional Reports

  • Juvenile Justice Bench Books

Courtroom shackling, 2015

Restricted by judiciary

Florida’s Court Rule of Juvenile Procedure § 8.100(b)  (p. 62, updated 2/26/15) prohibits routine use of restraints. Restraints must be removed prior to appearance unless the court finds:

  1. It is necessary [to prevent harm to self/others-w/evidence of recent behavior, substantial flight risk, or history of disruptive courtroom behavior (has criteria)] and
  2. No less restrictive alternatives exist (w/examples).

Competency, 2015

Florida has detailed requirements related to juvenile competency in juvenile statute as well as juvenile court rule, and (adult) criminal court rules may apply. The Department of Juvenile Justice and the Department of Children and Families must both be notified of all competency proceedings. Evaluation criteria are specified (age or immaturity; mental illness; intellectual disability or autism, or any other reason). The reports of at least 2 (no more than 3) court-appointed evaluators are reviewed. Court orders finding incompetency must state whether youth are in need of secure or non-secure placement and/or treatment/training. Statute assigns particular agencies responsible for dispositions, case management, supervision, and planning consultation according to the bases for incompetency. Treatment and discharge plans are reviewed by the court at least every 6 months for up to 2 years. If, at that point there is no evidence the child will attain competency within one year, the court must dismiss the delinquency petition.

  • No juvenile standard

  • Juvenile standard is the adult standard

  • Juvenile justice standard exists

  • JJ standard includes developmental immaturity

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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