Judicial selection, 2022

  • Elected

  • Appointed

  • Combination

Judicial specialization, 2022

  • All mixed case types

  • Mostly mixed

  • Mostly specialized

Caseload assignment, 2022

  • Mixed assignment methods

  • Individual discretion

  • Statute/State court rules

Judicial experience, training, and tools, 2022

  • Qualification Requirements

  • Required Annual Training

  • Required Risk/Need Assessments and Pre-Dispositional Reports

  • Juvenile Justice Bench Books

Courtroom shackling, 2015

No statewide restriction

A Delaware law (HB 211) has since been signed by the governor on 9/6/16, affecting 10 Del.C. § 1007b.  The statutory section limits the use of shackles and other physical restraints on children appearing in juvenile delinquency proceedings except in situations where the court determines that the use of restraints is necessary and there are no less restrictive alternatives that will prevent flight or physical harm to the child or other courtroom participants.

Competency, 2015

Delaware has a statutory section related to juvenile competency, which aligns with the Dusky standard. Procedures include requirements for 6 month reviews and timeframes for dismissing certain allegations. The individualized bases for a finding that a child is not competent may include: “significant mental disorder or incapacity, significant developmental delay, significant cognitive impairment, and/or chronological immaturity.” A determination of competency is required to proceed with delinquency allegations regarding a child under age 10.

  • No juvenile standard

  • Juvenile standard is the adult standard

  • Juvenile justice standard exists

  • JJ standard includes developmental immaturity

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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