Judicial selection, 2022

  • Elected

  • Appointed

  • Combination

Judicial specialization, 2022

  • All mixed case types

  • Mostly mixed

  • Mostly specialized

Caseload assignment, 2022

  • Mixed assignment methods

  • Individual discretion

  • Statute/State court rules

Judicial experience, training, and tools, 2022

  • Qualification Requirements

  • Required Annual Training

  • Required Risk/Need Assessments and Pre-Dispositional Reports

  • Juvenile Justice Bench Books

Courtroom shackling, 2015

Restricted by legislature

In Connecticut, Act 15-183 (eff. 10/1/15) prohibits routine use of mechanical restraints on pre-adjudicated detained juveniles. Restraints must be removed prior to and throughout proceedings or court ordered in accordance with Judicial Branch written policy. The Judicial Branch policy was implemented before the statute (4/15), and includes comprehensive procedures for escort, transportation, and sharing recommendations from the facility/transport to the judge. Very detailed criteria is listed for decision-making by concern, offense, restraint type, etc.

Competency, 2015

Connecticut has juvenile statute and court rules that align with the Dusky standard to prevent delinquency-related conviction, adjudication, or disposition while the youth is not competent. Timelines are specified for review intervals and actions when competency cannot be restored. Youth can be transferred to the (adult) criminal docket even when believed to be incompetent.

  • No juvenile standard

  • Juvenile standard is the adult standard

  • Juvenile justice standard exists

  • JJ standard includes developmental immaturity

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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