Delinquency age boundaries

  • N/S = No age specified
  • N/A = Not available
  • F/T = Full term
  • Click bold ages to view details for specific years.
Policy 1997 1999 2002 2004 2006 2007 2008 2009 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Upper age 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17 17
Lower age N/S N/S N/S N/S N/S N/S N/S N/S N/S N/S N/S N/S N/S N/S N/S
Extended age N/A 20 N/A 21 N/A 21 N/A 21 21 21 20 20 20 20 20

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Transfer discretion

  • Has statute
  • Does not have statute
Policy 1960 1989 1997 2007 2016
Juvenile court judge

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Data for 1960 indicates general pre-1970 data. Feld B. 1987. The Juvenile Court Meets the Principle of the Offense: Legislative Changes to Juvenile Waiver Statutes, Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology 78(3): 471-533.

Transfer provisions

  • Has statute
  • Does not have statute

Click icons to view statute details for specific years.

  • "Judicial waiver"(1992-94) includes discretionary, presumptive, and mandatory waiver, but these subcategories were not distinguished in NCJJ statutes analyses prior to 1997. Transfer pattern changes from 1994 to 1997 may be influenced by improved understanding of judicial waiver in the statutes. Most notably, provisions classified as statutory exclusion 1992-1994 were sometimes reclassified by NCJJ as "mandatory judicial waiver" starting in 1997.

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Progressive data

The Florida Department of Juvenile Justice's, Interactive Data Reports: Delinquency Profile and dashboard series is notable for permitting visitors to explore the prevalence of transferred youth across many dimensions online. Various profiles and dashboards  permit exploration of transfers by provision type, geography, risk level, age, gender, race, ethnicity and offense type. The tools also contain detailed data definitions for interpreting dashboard output.

Sample dashboard output from the Florida Department of Juvenile Justice, FY 2015-16 Interactive Delinquency Profile Report

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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