Basic services, 2022

  • Overall

    Locally operated

  • Detention

    Locally operated

  • Probation

    Locally operated

  • Reentry

    State operated

Delinquency services in Oregon are administered at the state and local level. Counties are responsible for administering detention services. Several counties also use a number of beds in state facilities.

Probation services are mostly administered by local executive offices. The Oregon Youth Authority (OYA) administers commitment and juvenile reentry services.

Purpose clauses, 2016

  • No clause

  • Parens patriae

  • Due process era

  • Balanced and Restorative Justice (BARJ)

  • Developmental Approach

Corrections agency, 2015

  • Independent juvenile corrections agency

  • Family/child welfare agency or division

  • Broad human services agency

  • Adult corrections agency or division

The Oregon Youth Authority (OYA) administers commitments to state juvenile correctional facilities and reentry services for youth leaving those facilities.

Intake and diversion, 2016

Initial intake and court diversion decision is at the discretion of the prosecutor or the juvenile court intake officer, divided by offense.

Pre-petition court diversion time limit/s exist.

Solitary confinement, 2016

  • Prohibits punitive confinement

  • Limits punitive confinement

  • No limits on punitive confinement

  • Did not respond

Solitary confinement for punitive purposes is not allowed in Oregon's juvenile correctional facilities. Isolation may be used when a youth is a danger to himself or others, or an immediate threat to safety, security, and order of the facility. Isolation for more than 24 hours requires review by superintendent but cannot exceed 5 consecutive days.  (Adapted from 51 Jurisdiction Survey of Juvenile Solitary Confinement Rules in Juvenile Justice Systems, 2016. Lowenstein Center for the Public Interest at Lowenstein Sandler LLP)

Release decision, 2016

  • Agency

  • Court

  • Parole board

  • Agency and court

Release decisions for youth committed to the Oregon Youth Authority (OYA) are made by the agency or the committing court can terminate the youth's commitment. Currently, the OYA is developing a transition readiness assessment to inform release and transition decisions. The committing court is required to be notified of a youth's release.

Risk assessment, 2020

Organization 2013 2017 2020
Statewide uniform assessment
Layered/regional assessment
Locally administered assessment

In Oregon, probation services are administered by local executive offices and the Oregon Youth Authority (OYA). The OYA administers state level probation for offenders that require more extensive services and are in the custody of the state. The use of a risk/needs assessment is encouraged at the county level by the Oregon Juvenile Department Directors Association and at the state level through Oregon Youth Authority’s state wide policy.

The Oregon Juvenile Crime Prevention Risk Screen and Assessment (JCP) is widely used by county probation departments throughout Oregon and OYA uses the Risk Needs Assessment (RNA). Both can be entered into the statewide Juvenile Justice Information System (JJIS). Jurisdictions vary a bit in how they utilize the results of these assessments but commonly results are used to guide diversion from formal process decisions and informal adjustment planning, develop/inform pre-disposition investigation reports and/or planning, develop probation disposition recommendations to the juvenile court, assign probation supervision level, and develop probation case plans.

The state is able to aggregate case level data in JJIS and uses it for local reliability and validity testing of the instruments, to assist probation administration and organization planning, and for ongoing policy and research.

Sex offender registration, 2015


Risk instruments, 2017

  • Statute or agency policy

    Required by state or administrative regulation

  • Agency recommended

    Recommended by probation oversite agency

Risk instruments tool used
Oregon Juvenile Crime Prevention (JCP) & Risk Needs Assessment(RNA)

Mental health screening, 2014

Does not require a research-based mental health screening

  • Secure detention

  • Probation

  • Corrections

Mental health screening tool used
Brief Mental Status Assessment (BMSA)

Frameworks for evidence-based practices, 2014

  • Statute

    Supporting commitment to EBPs

  • Administrative regulations

    Either in corrections, probation, or the juvenile court

  • Support center

    Or collaboration dedicated to coordinating activities around implementing, evaluating, and sustaining EBPs

  • No stance

    No official stance on EBPs

  • Did not respond

    State did not respond to the survey

Oregon defines evidenced based practices and outlines support of research based practice in statute. The Oregon Youth Authority (OYA) also has administrative agency regulations that advance evidence based interventions and has two Quality Assurance Committees that support and guide the implementation of EBPs.

Oregon financially supports EBPs by funding training and technical assistance around implementation and committing 75% of state funds strictly to Evidence Based programming. The state regularly collects implementation and outcome data from the programs that it funds.

Recidivism reporting, 2016

Study populations

The group(s) of youth being studied in states that publicly report recidivism data.

  • Arrest

  • Court action

  • Supervision

  • Placement

Re-offense events

Events that are used to measure recidivism in states that publicly report recidivism data.

  • Arrest

  • Court action

  • Supervision

  • Placement

Follow-up periods

Details regarding the length of time and frequency that youth are tracked in states that publicly report recidivism data.

36 months with interval and adult systems reporting


Additional levels of analysis provided in states that publicly report recidivism data.

  • County

  • Age

  • Gender

  • Race/ethn.

  • Risk level

  • Initial offense

  • Re-offense

  • Prior history

Oregon publishes two reports that include recidivism data. The Juvenile Justice Information System Steering Committee publishes recidivism data for youth that were referred to court for a misdemeanor or felony. Recidivism is defined as a new referral for a misdemeanor or felony within 12 months of the original referral. The Oregon Youth Authority (OYA) publishes recidivism data for youth supervised on OYA probation (out of home), youth released on OYA parole, and youth convicted as adults released to supervision. Recidivism is defined as any felony adjudication (juvenile court) or felony conviction (adult court) with a disposition of formal supervision (e.g., probation, OYA commitment, DOC prison sentence, or local control jail sentence). Recidivism rates are presented at 12, 24, and 36 month intervals with a maximum follow up period of 36 months.

Data sources

Data & Evaluation Reports: Recidivism (2013)
JJIS Steering Committee, JJIS Data & Evaluation Sub-Committee
Recidivism Outcomes FY2001–FY2013 Tracking Cohorts
Research and Evaluation, Oregon Youth Authority

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

Continue reading »


Tell us what you think of JJGPS. Questions, feedback, or other comments are welcomed.

Questions or feedback »

Follow on Twitter »