Judicial selection, 2022

  • Elected

  • Appointed

  • Combination

Judicial specialization, 2022

  • All mixed case types

  • Mostly mixed

  • Mostly specialized

Caseload assignment, 2022

  • Mixed assignment methods

  • Individual discretion

  • Statute/State court rules

Judicial experience, training, and tools, 2022

  • Qualification Requirements

  • Required Annual Training

  • Required Risk/Need Assessments and Pre-Dispositional Reports

  • Juvenile Justice Bench Books

Courtroom shackling, 2015

Restricted by judiciary

In Oregon, In re Millican, 906 P.2d 857 (1995) held that juveniles have the same right as adults to appear free from physical restraints, as it inhibits free consultation with counsel (even if not visible, per other adult cases); is consonant with the rehabilitative purposes of the state’s juvenile justice system; etc. The trial judge can order shackling if there is evidence of an immediate and serious risk of dangerous/disruptive behavior. The court must evaluate information and make a record (findings). Information can be presented informally, but more than a prosecutor or law enforcement statement for analysis is required. (Juries are not available in OR juvenile courts)

Competency, 2015

Oregon’s juvenile statute aligns with the Dusky Standard for youth “unfit to proceed in a petition alleging [delinquency]” if as a result of mental disease or defect or another condition. Requirements proscribe who may conduct the evaluation and criteria for the determination.

  • No juvenile standard

  • Juvenile standard is the adult standard

  • Juvenile justice standard exists

  • JJ standard includes developmental immaturity

About this project

Juvenile Justice GPS (Geography, Policy, Practice, Statistics) is a project to develop a repository providing state policy makers and system stakeholders with a clear understanding of the juvenile justice landscape in the states.

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